Education and Employment Opportunities
Rural youth are more likely to plan on staying in their hometown if they see future employment opportunities in their own community. There is a perception that urban areas offer more job opportunities and that rural communities limit the ability to achieve high income and educational and career opportunities.
The attachment that youth feel towards their hometown can be related to their desire to return or stay to build a family. This can include their perception of the safety and cleanliness of the environment, community services and programs, and social support from family and friends.
Demographic and Socioeconomic Characters
Research indicates that gender and age are significantly associated with the intention to leave rural and remote communities. For example, one study found that the greatest proportion of those who plan to leave are 15 to 19 years old. The socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of a town can influence the reasons why an individual may want to leave.